A rare pair of very small miniature 18th century chinese porcelain water droppers in the form of frogs. a label on the underside reads \"yong-tcheng (1723-1735)\" frog-shaped water droppers were first made in the eastern han dynasty (ad 25-220). they were made for the scholar\'s desk and used in calligraphy (the art of \'beautiful writing\').
yong-cheng (yongzheng) (1723-1735), was the fourth son of kang-hsi. emperor yong-cheng was known for the violent persecution he made of catholic priests. having learned that su-nan, his maternal uncle, had embraced christianity, he stripped him of his title and sent him with his family in disgrace, and only a few missionaries, whose presence were needed in beijing could stay in the town, all others were banished to macao. laborious and very active, yong-cheng held the reins of government with a firm hand, however he acted well for his people on numerous occasions, including in 1725, after torrential rains that destroyed crops completely, and in 1730, after an earthquake that caused the greatest ravages. to encourage agriculture, he granted the title of mandarin of the eighth degree to the most esteemed farmer of each canton. when he died, on the 7th october 1735, however, few of his subjects regretted his death.
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